Allgemeine Psychologie I
Prof. Dr. Helmut Prior
Psychologie der Zeit, Kognitive Entwicklung, Raumorientierung
Forschungsmethoden und Statistik
Sprechzeiten nach Vereinbarung
News from our Research
An altered sense of time in children with ADHD
The sense of time is altered in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This was shown in a new study by Marco Walg, Johannes Oepen, and Helmut Prior (Journal of Attention Disorders; doi: 10.1177/1087054712454570).
31 children with ADHD und 29 control children learned to discriminate the durations of stimulus presentations on a computer screen (e.g. 1.3 versus 2.5 s). Subsequently, they were presented with new sets of stimulus durations and were asked to rate the stimuli as ‘short’ or ‘long’. Compared with controls, children with ADHD perceived the same stimuli as longer. For them, subjective time seems to be stretched. Furthermore, ADHD children adjusted less easily than controls to new sets of stimulus durations. This resembles their difficulties in everyday life to cope with new situations and problem-solving strategies.
Findings confirm and extend earlier suggestions, which had been made on the basis of altered brain structures in ADHD. They shed new light on the causes of impulsivity and lack of attention in ADHD, which is the most often diagnosed disorder in children and adolescents. An optimizing of the management of time, for example by the dividing of complex task into suitable sub-tasks, will be a major tool in coping with ADHD related problems in school and everyday life.
geändert am 20. Oktober 2012 E-Mail: Webmasterschludecker@psych.uni-frankfurt.de